According to the reports Gisthubcity gathered, it was revealed that most people have contracted HIV and which most of them don’t know, due to the lack of regular test.
In other way round, those that find out about their HIV test usually start thinking and don’t turn up to treatment because they think is the end of the world.
But, it now clear now that getting treatment as soon as possible after contracting HIV is the better option than thinking or waiting.
The important aspect is that HIV infected patients who are treated early have fewer complications from HIV infection and are less likely to infect other people than those who wait to be treated.
HIV testing is been recommended by the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, that people between the age of 13 and 64 should be tested regardless of risk.
Also, it also recommended once a year for those at higher risk of getting HIV infection. These include:
- Inject drugs
- Have sex without condoms
- Have sex with multiple partners
The types of HIV test
- HIV antibody tests
- antigen/antibody test
- nucleic acid tests (NAT)
Early symptoms of HIV
When you are feeling this symptoms in the first week then it mean the person have contracted HIV. The symptoms include;
- Pain the muscle and joints
- Sore throat
- Neck swelling around the lymph nodes
It so more easy to transmit HIV to another person during the early stage.
Advantage of rapid HIV test
Research showed that about 1.2 million Americans have HIV, and up to one in eight don’t know it, while about 44,000 Americans per year contacted HIV.
However, the number of HIV has decreased due to no more testing, and those who have tested already don’t return for their results.
Reason why most people don’t later return for their result given below;
- Relocating to a new city
- Fear of a positive result
- Lack of transportation
- Fear that their HIV status will be disclosed to someone else
- Belief that they are at low risk for HIV and therefore the result will be negative
Does rapid HIV testing do accurate?
Well, with the recent ways of testing….in 20 minutes, the device indicates whether HIV-1 or HIV-2 antibodies are present.
Meaning that if one line appears on the strip, it means that the person is not infected with HIV, but if two lines appear, the person is likely infected (99.3% accuracy).
After the result was confirmed positive then sending blood to laboratory is the next thing to have a proper result and may take one to five days.